Chemicals

A chemical substance is a form of matter having constant chemical composition and characteristic properties. Some references add that chemical substance cannot be separated into its constituent elements by physical separation methods, i.e., without breaking chemical bonds. Chemical substances can be simple substances, chemical compounds, or alloys. Chemical elements may or may not be included in the definition, depending on expert viewpoint.Chemical substances are often called 'pure' to set them apart from mixtures. A common example of a chemical substance is pure water; it has the same properties and the same ratio of hydrogen to oxygen whether it is isolated …

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The National Archives · 1 January 1982 English

electronics, industrial and office automation, chemicals and petrochemicals, agriculture, automative because Ostrava grew up on coal and steel whilst chemicals came to Bratislava as a comparatively recent


The National Archives · 1 January 1982 English

light industries such as electronics and petro-chemicals. Bulgaria is also trying to industrialise agriculture


The National Archives · 1 January 1982 English

PRODUCTION OF MICROELECTRONICS, ROBOTS AND CHEMICALS. THEY RESOLVED TO INTENSIFY THEIR EFFORTS TO


The National Archives · 1 January 1982 French

A file containing documents concerning the internal political situation in West Berlin. Subjects covered in the file include the activities of neo-Nazis and the far-right National Democratic Party of Germany …

its scope has now been reduced to cover only chemicals. 6 . It is impossible for us in London to see


The National Archives · 1 January 1982 English

for the development of cooperation in agriculture and food-processing, the automotive industry, chemicals, electrical engineering, energy, machine tools, and metallurgy. Other documents in the file cover

MADE ENTIRELY CLEAR, IN FACT I THE CAVEAT ON CHEMICALS WAS INSERTED AS A NEGOTIATING POINT I AND WE THEIR TRADE I WITH THE GDR WILL BE GREATER IF CHEMICALS ARE NOT MENTIONED I IN THE AGREEMENT THAN IF conditional on concerted efforts to balance \.rade in chemicals more I M evenly. • I 3 You will recall that protection chemicals Heavy chemicals Fine chemicals (including pharmaceuticals) Effect chemicals Paints and to a lesser degree ICI, felt that trade in chemicals was weighted strongly in the GDR's favour and


The National Archives · 1 January 1982 English

equipment, metallurgical and other process plant, chemicals, electronics and automotive products 2. Automotive supply of plant to third markets in the chemicals, petro-chemicals and process plant industry sectors.


The National Archives · 1 January 1982 English

of compound fertilisers and plant protection chemicals: equipment for the food industry. 11 The Ministers


The National Archives · 1 January 1982 English

industry, particularly machine building and chemicals. Romania is an importer of crude oil and an exporter this respect (increase in mechanization, use of chemicals, land re- v c claim and irrigation works, livestock - trial branches, i.e. energy,raw materials, chemicals, machine building, and wood processing. In agriculture


The National Archives · 1 January 1982 English

exports. Also inportant were Western exports of chemicals, 17 per cent and food, 16 per cent. Western iuports


The National Archives · 1 January 1982 English

with Dow Chemicals (for carrying out the initial process in production of some chemicals/ because the


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