The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, it was a one-party state prior to 1990 governed by the Communist Party, with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian SFSR. Other major urban centers were Leningrad (Russian SFSR), Kiev (Ukrainian SSR), Minsk (Byelorussian SSR), Tashkent (Uzbek SSR), Alma-Ata (Kazakh SSR) and Novosibirsk (Russian SFSR). It was the largest country in the world by surface area, spanning over 10,000 kilometers (6,200 mi) east …



11 May 2022 English

Summary of the editorial selection criteria, and the metadata elements provided.

different documents as Russia, the Soviet Union, or the USSR. Secret Files from World Wars to Cold War includes

5 May 2022 English

Notes of interest with links to documents in Cold War Eastern Europe. Links to photos, maps and compelling stories.

leaving Moscow, very optimistic about future of UK-USSR relations FO 371/166211 114-127 Textual French diplomats' Textual Masterly despatch covering events in the USSR in '64 - mainly about Khrushchev's fall and its 34 Visual US State Department diagram showing the USSR Council of Ministers on August 4 1966 FO 371/188903 for Gerald Brooke (British lecturer imprisoned in USSR) - the Englishman's survival kit for abroad? FCO Textual Analysis of communist party membership in the USSR as a whole and in most of the Soviet republics

4 May 2022 English

State leaders in Eastern Europe, Berlin Mayors, United Kingdom Prime Ministers and Foreign Secretaries, Politicians and Statesmen, Ambassadors, Other Eastern European Figures

Romanian Communist Party 1965-1989 Joseph Stalin USSR General Secretary of the Central Committee of the of the Soviet Union 1922-1953 Nikita Khrushchev USSR General Secretary of the Central Committee of the of the Soviet Union 1953-1964 Leonid Brezhnev USSR General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Party of the Soviet Union 1964-1982 Yuri Andropov USSR General Secretary of the Central Committee of the the Soviet Union 1982-1984 Konstantin Chernenko USSR General Secretary of the Central Committee of the

4 May 2022

Countries and Constituent Republics of Eastern European States during the Cold War

Soviet Union Union of Soviet Socialist Republics USSR Armenia Armenian S.S.R. Republic of Armenia Soviet

1 January 2017 English

The Cold War in Europe was intertwined with the Second World War in a rather circular fashion. The East/West conflict arose from the circumstances of the end of the world …

Poland, see Georgy Kynin and Jochen Laufer, eds., The USSR and the German Question, 1941-1945, 2 vols. (Moscow: philosophy and to a lesser degree of dependence on the USSR… But the bogey of Germany had barred the way to

1 January 2017 English

In 1960–61, the outbreak of an increasingly acrimonious dispute between Nikita Khrushchev’s Soviet Union and Enver Hoxha’s Albania caught most foreign observers by surprise, all the more so because the …

“tendencies toward independence or antagonism toward the USSR are intrinsically weaker than in other satellites about what the Chinese delegates had said about the USSR at the WFTU meeting, only to suffer an unexpected

1 January 2017 English

We will focus here on how British and U.S. officials assessed the prospects of Sino-Soviet relations, why they were of the opinion that NATO benefited from the Sino-Soviet and Soviet-Albanian …

considerable space to Albania, whose recent break with the USSR was an issue of great strategic significance to

1 January 2017 English

On 7 December 1970 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt and Polish Prime Minister Jozef Cyrankiewicz signed the Treaty of Warsaw, whereby the two states accepted the western border of Poland …

security. What were Moscow’s goals? How did the FRG/USSR negotiations affect the Polish/FRG talks? 4) Drawing

UCL: University College London · 1 January 2017 English

In the Cold War Eastern Europe collection, historians have an invitation to explore the variety and complexity of the cultural Cold War. The explosion in cultural traffic across the Iron …

Anglia: British Cold War Cultural Diplomacy in the USSR,” Contemporary British History 27, no. 3 (2013): French and American Cultural Agreements with the USSR,” 1958. 12 TNA: FO 371/111362. “British Policy

The National Archives · 1 January 1982 English

most populous member of the Warsaw Pact (after the USSR and Poland). But despite considerable natural resources 53-1 n/ a (b) Main Export Markets 1975 1980 % USSR 19.9 17.1 GDR 5.0 7.9 FRG 8.3 7.6 Czechoslovakia 8 n/a (d) Main Import Sources 1975 1980 % USSR 17.3 15.7 FRG 10.7 7.7 GDR 5.9 7.5. Iraq

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